Faith and Works Explained

The Scriptures make it clear that Christ is the only ground whereby we can be justified.  He is the source of our justification and the only instrument of our salvation, Jesus alone has the power to redeem us. Yet the question remains – to whom does He justify? Does He justify those who merely profess His name yet willfully continue in sin, obeying the lust of the flesh and remaining in all manners of disobedience and impurity? It is true that faith in Christ is the channel by which all men are justified; for apart from the redemptive work on the cross salvation would not be attainable, it is only through His shed blood that we are made alive. However, the scriptures make it clear that a profession of faith in of its self cannot save us unless it’s followed by a repenting and turning away from sin (Acts 20:21). Paul tells us in 1 Corinthians 13 that if we have a faith that can move mountains but do not have the love of God then our faith will profit us nothing. Standing on the work of the cross we must also crucify our flesh and be born again in the Spirit, for the love of God is the fruit of the Spirit.

In Romans 8:4 Paul says that God sent His Son that “the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in those who walk according to the Spirit,” It’s interesting that Paul doesn’t simply say that the righteous requirement of the law is fulfilled in those who believe, the word walk denotes action and implies that we abide in the Holy Spirit, being transformed and reborn into the Image of Christ over the course of our life time. Romans 8:13 says “if by the Spirit you are putting to death the deeds of the flesh you will live.” In order to be born again we must be putting to death the carnal man with all his desires and passions; In the hope of the promise to come we must purify ourselves through the power of the Holy Spirit, casting off the works of the flesh that so easily entangle us. For we know that those who go on willfully practicing such things will not inherit the kingdom of God (Galatians 5). To the apostles this kind of obedience was implicit with respect to the Christian walk, the idea of a Christianity whereby one professed faith in Christ yet continued walking in the lusts of the world was apostasy. In Revelations 3:15 we hear the word of the Lord to the church of Laodicea declaring, “I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot.. so then, because you are lukewarm I will vomit you out of my mouth.” Though the church believed in the Gospel they remained complacent in their earthly riches, neglecting their salvation they lived apathetically toward the will of God, unconcerned with righteousness.

God requires that we actively pursue Him. The Christian life is not a casual affair whereby we seek the Lord at our own leisure; He requires that we surrender our entire life to Him. In the parable of the hidden treasure the kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man that sells all he has and buys that land where the treasure is buried, this is to be the depiction of the Christian life. Likewise Jesus tells the young rich ruler, “sell all your possession and give your wealth to the poor then come follow Me.” God doesn’t require all believers to sacrifice their belongings as a precondition to obtaining His favor. Jesus knew that the ruler idolized his wealth and worshiped his riches, esteeming his earthly treasures above obedience to the will of God. The Lord commands that we have no other gods before Him; He will not tolerate lukewarm believers clothed in idolatry who profess His name yet put their earthly aspirations before the kingdom of heaven. Luke 13:46 “Why do you call Me, ‘Lord, Lord’ and do not do what I say?” If we profess the name of Jesus yet neglect to obey His word, then our profession will count for nothing when we stand before Him on the day of judgment. “not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in Heaven.. Then I will declare to *some, ‘ I never knew you; depart from Me you who practice lawlessness!’”  Many will come before the Lord wearing garments still defiled by the flesh, again these are the ones who neglected their salvation, failing to purify themselves through the regeneration of the Holy Spirit; though professing faith in the Lord they remained carnal and did not abide in Him.

We are to understand that Christ did not come to destroy the law but to fulfill it, not that lawlessness would abound but that all those who put their faith in the Lord and walk accordingly would be sanctified by His blood. Romans 2:13 tells us that “not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.” If we read on here we see Paul is not speaking in context to the strict tenets of the Mosaic law, but the word of God written on the hearts of all men, our conscious bearing witness and testifying to His divine nature and His righteous character, an inherent moral law woven in the very fabric of our soul. However, Paul doesn’t say the doers of the law are justified, rather he says that the doers of the shall be justified. Paul would have us understand that those who actively practice the word of God based on the revelation revealed to them shall be justified by Christ. For it is Christ who justifies those who diligently seek after him in accordance to the faith allotted to them.

Paul opens up the book of Romans by stating he had received “grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations (vv 5 KJV).” We see that Paul identifies the purpose of His apostleship as bringing about an obedient faith. However, it’s important to mention again that while obedience is an essential element establishing our faith, Paul never implies that our obedience makes us righteous, for we know that all our righteous works are like filthy rags. Instead we are to understand that obedience to the faith brings us into Gods righteousness. The scriptures make it clear that if we sow into the flesh according to the lusts thereof then we shall surely die, but if by our obedience we sow into the Spirit we will be made righteous. Romans 6:12-13 “Do not let sin reign in your body so that you obey its lusts, and do not go on presenting the members of your body to sin as instruments of unrighteousness.. What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death or obedience leading to righteousness? But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart.” Paul explains that saved by grace does not mean we can go on willfully entertaining the lusts of the flesh and think that God will still impute His righteousness unto us. In order to become a beneficiary of Christ’s redeeming grace we must actively partake in our salvation through an obedience led by faith. Hebrews 11:8 says “By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed..” Faith doesn’t act independent of our obedience, but by faith we now serve the Lord in Spirit.

Today it is common for preachers to assert the doctrine that working out our salvation in obedience to the will of God is simply an inherent byproduct of faith. Thus if we have faith we will inevitably have works, and if we don’t have works well it simply means that we never had faith to begin with. While this doctrine seems like a safe reconciliation of seemingly contradictory passages, it simply isn’t scriptural. James explicitly says that “faith by itself if it doesn’t have works, is dead (vv.17)” clearly indicating that one can have faith and not have works.  James never indicates that works will involuntarily flow from our faith, on the contrary he says “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also (vv.26).” Rather than our works inherently flowing from our faith, James makes the case that just as the spirit gives life to the body so works give life to our faith. Thus we are to understand that instead of true faith producing obedience, it is active obedience that gives life to our faith and makes it true.

James is clear “That a man is justified by works, and not by faith only (vv.24)”. For some this might seem inconsistent and difficult to reconcile with other passages throughout the Scripture. it’s important to distinguish that James is not talking about ceremonial or sacrificial works that many religions subscribe to. The work that James refers to is the work whereby we exercise the love of God toward those around us. James 2: 8 & 12 “If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “you shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you do well; but if you show partiality, you commit sin, and are convicted as a transgressor (vv 8).. so speak and so do as those who will be judged by the law of liberty. For judgment is without mercy to the one who has shown no mercy (vv 12)”. We see James is speaking in regards to works of the law of liberty. The scriptures tell us that when we are joined to Christ the entire law is fulfilled in keeping this one command: ‘love your neighbor as yourself’. Because many were professing the gospel yet exhibiting favoritism toward those of stature and wealth, James clarified that if our actions and lifestyle contradict our faith then such profession is meaningless. Thus if we claim to be a Christian yet neglect to walk in the love God i.e. the Holy Spirit, then we effectively nullify the grace of God and become a transgressor of the law. Romans 13: 8-10 “Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another, for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law, for this, “you shall not commit adultery, you shall not murder, you shall not steal, you shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, “you shall love your neighbor as yourself.” Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law”. Now that we are under grace and not the Law, the only work that is required of us is that we put our trust in Jesus Christ and walk by the Spirit, demonstrating the same love that Jesus had toward us when He went to the cross. 1 John 4:23 “This is His commandment, that we believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, just as he commanded us.” While the Lord commands us to love, it’s important to remember that it is the Lord that equips us with His Spirit to love in the first place. The Lord commands us knowing that only through Him can we walk obediently.

But how do we reconcile scripture found in Romans chapter 3 and 4 where Paul clearly rejects works? Reading in context here is very important for understanding the kind of works in which Paul is referring to. In contrast to James, who was speaking in regards to the works of the law of liberty whereby we are to actively demonstrate the love of God toward those around us, Paul here is speaking specifically of the ceremonial and sacrificial works of the Mosaic Law, also known as the Torah. Consisting of 612 commandments, the Torah was given exclusively to Israel in order to separate them from all the other nations, creating a barrier between them and the Gentiles. Having governed Jewish practice since the beginning, many Jews were still clinging to the traditions of the Torah as the source of their justification. Paul effectively refutes the works of the Mosaic Law and establishes faith in Christ Jesus as the common ground by which all men now have access to God. Romans 3: 28-29 “we conclude that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the Law. Or is He the God of the Jew only? Is He not also the God of the Gentiles?” We are to understand that when Paul speaks of faith apart from works here, he is specifically speaking to the Jews in context to the works of the Torah, opposing sacrificial traditions and rituals such as circumcision which excluded gentiles from entering the fold of Gods family. 21st century Christian doctrine tends to leave us with the impression that working, in all senses of the word, is mutually exclusive to living in God’s grace; this false dichotomy couldn’t be further from the truth. The scriptures tell us that it is in fact God’s grace that empowers us to work out our salvation.

Thus while Paul boldly rejects the works of the Mosaic law and declares faith as the vessel by which all men can come to God, Paul does not reject the good works whereby we diligently and actively espouse ourselves to obeying the word of God, for we know whoever has His commandments and keeps them is the one who loves Him (John 14:21). Paul prefaces chapter 3 and 4 with Romans 2: 6-10 making this decidedly clear, stating that God “will render to each one according to the his works: Eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor and immortality; but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness – indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek. But glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For there is no partiality with God”. Paul never seeks to denounce the necessity of obedience or indicate that we can be justified regardless of how we decide to live our lives as long as we profess faith in Jesus. We will recall Paul explicitly speaks of being slaves to the ones whom we obey, either sin resulting in death or obedience resulting in righteousness. As mentioned, Paul indicates the purpose of his apostleship was to bring about obedience to the faith. Paul never permits lawlessness or indicates that faith can exist independently of our obedience to it. On the contrary Paul urges believers to eagerly devote themselves to obedience, only now he urges that we ought to “serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter” – Romans 7:6.

When the people asked what work they must to do the work of God, Jesus replied “this is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.” – John 6: 29. So why didn’t Jesus command them to walk in the Spirit, crucifying their flesh and loving their neighbor in fulfillment of the royal law? at this point the full mystery of the gospel had not yet been revealed, the suffering on the cross and the impartation of the Holy Spirit were still hidden from mankind and the time had not yet come for Jesus to speak of them. It’s not until  the night of His betrayal when Jesus begins disclosing to His disciples the full mystery of the Gospel and the power of the Spirit to come that He issues His final commandment. John 13: 34 “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another.” The Christian faith isn’t merely a belief, it’s a process of regeneration whereby we surrender to the Lord and submit to His will in all aspects of life, being reborn into the image of Christ.  Jesus never indicated that we could maintain a lasting and sanctifying relationship with Him apart from walking in obedience to His word. In 1 John 1: 6 we are reminded that, “if we say we have fellowship with Him and walk in the darkness we lie and do not practice the truth. but if we walk in the light as He Himself is in the light we have fellowship one with another and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.”

It is by faith that we receive the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, and it is by walking in the guidance of the Holy Spirit that we effectively love God and love one another, thus fulfilling the royal commandment. Because love is a fruit of walking in the Holy Spirit, true love can never be manufactured by man. While the world can imitate the works of love, unless we have the indwelling of the Holy Spirit fashioning the love of God inside of us such imitation will avail nothing. 1 Corinthians 13: 3 “if I give all my possessions to feed the poor, and if I surrender my body to be burned, but do not have love, it profits me nothing.” Because God is love, the focus of love will always be leading others back to Him. Exercising human compassion and self-sacrifice apart from truth is ultimately meaningless. Thus the way in which we truly love one another is abiding in the Lord and allowing His love to flow out of us; and while love is a fruit of abiding, abiding in its self is a daily commitment to picking up one’s cross and crucifying the flesh. Every day we must give attention to renewing our mind and training our body into submission. In John 15: 10 Jesus tells us that “If you keep my Commandments, you will remain in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and remain in His love.” It’s not that if we love God we will inevitably walk obediently, rather if we walk by the Spirit in obedience to the word of God then His love will flow from us. Just as trees need water and sunlight in order to produce fruit so we need to water ourselves daily with His word and abide in Him in order to bear fruit. Every day we must examine our faith, for long as we are in this physical body sin will always be crouching at our door step waiting to ensnare us and carry us away if given the opportunity.

The scriptures fervently warn the believer against drifting away, reminding us that in order to receive the prize we must finish the race laid before us. While it’s true that we enter into His salvation the moment we confess with our mouth and believe in our heart that Jesus rose from the dead, it’s also true that if we neglect our salvation and drift away from the faith then we will not inherit the kingdom of God (Hebrews 2:1-3). Colossians 1:22-23 “Yet He has now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death, in order to present you before Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach – If indeed you continue in the faith firmly established and steadfast, and not moved away from the hope of the gospel.” Paul tells us that Abraham was made righteous by His faith, yet James elaborates that Abraham was justified by His obedience when he offered up Isaac, that through his works faith was made perfect. Paul and James do not contradict each other, rather we are to understand that while justification comes by way of faith the moment we believe, a belief in of it self can’t be sustained unless it’s followed by obedience. In order to receive the prize we must continue in the faith, steadfast and not moved away. The biblical portrayal of faith is trusting in God and acting on what He has revealed; thus to answer the question posed be James, “can faith apart from works save us?” we would respond, certainly not. Revelation 14:12 “Here is the perseverance of the saint who keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus.”

While obedience is a choice, we must also always recognize that “it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure.” – Philippians 2:13. In us nothing good exists, we all have turned unto our own way; there are none who seek after Him. We are to be reminded that even when we are laboring it is still by His grace that we are being empowered to do so; 1 Corinthians 15: 10 “But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace to me was not without effect. No, I worked harder than all of them—yet not I, but the grace of God that was with me.” It is God who puts the desire in our hearts to walk obediently and it is God who equips us to carry it out, apart from Him we can do nothing. So then, through the power of the Spirit let us put to death our fleshly desires and remain steadfast in the faith, bearing the fruit of the Spirit which is love; for this is His commandment committed to us in fulfillment of the Law.

“By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and observe His commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments; and His commandments are not burdensome. For whatever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that has overcome the world –our faith.”

 1 John 5: 2-4


A World Suffering From Evil


We live in a world plagued with suffering, a world where evil wanders to and fro, preying on the innocent and the weak, chaos howls like the wind, and death hangs ominous like stormy weather. How can a loving God tolerate so much injustice? How could such wickedness be permitted? In order to answer these questions we first need to understand why we were created. Were we put here merely to display the glory and power of God’s sovereignty? Or is there a deeper and more intimate purpose for why we are standing here today?

At the heart of every human being is the overwhelming desire to love and to be loved. Thus it is not sufficient that we love someone if the gesture is not reciprocated, in order for us to find fulfillment the affection must be mutual – that harmony between loving and being loved. The scripture tells us that we were made in the image and likeness of God himself; thus if our heart is merely to be a reflection of His heart, what then does this tell us about our created purpose? The Bible often uses the metaphor of God as a loving husband and the church as His bride. It has been depicted to us in manner which we can relate to; we can imagine those who are closest to us – whether a spouse, a child, or a good friend – just as we desire companionship in this way, so God desires it from us.

An honest and genuine relationship is deeply rooted in the ability to choose. True intimacy could never be coerced, just as you could never force someone to be your friend. Love suspended in complete and utter free-will is the mark of authenticity, no strings-attached. Because love is not a feeling that can be imposed, rather it’s an individuals personal decision. Sure God could have created a world of robots where everyone bowed down and worshiped him; but in order for our relationship to be meaningful and authentic it must hang in the balance of free-will. He has already chosen us, now we have to decide whether we’re going to choose Him.

There is no reason why we should have desired anything else other than to faithfully love God all the days of our lives. A relationship with God is the most satisfying existence that we could ever experience. But it was Satan, the father of lies who came in and seduced us that we should deny our first love and give ourselves over to sin. Thus the extent to which our love was real and authentic, so now is the extent of our evil and wickedness. There are no strings-attached to our evil just as there are no strings-attached to our love. There is no limit on the wickedness of man; at one end of the spectrum we have perfect unfailing love, and at the other end we have callous and cold-blooded murder. God created man with free-will knowing all the while that if we should choose to turn away, the ramifications would be without measure.

sad jesus

Genesis 6:5 “Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and the Lord was sorry that He made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart

But the Lord did not distance Himself from our suffering, rather He became apart of it. Fredrick Nietzsche once said “The gods justified human life by living it themselves – the only satisfactory response to evil ever invented” Nietzsche was speaking of the Greek deities, he never drew the same connection to Jesus. The Lord is ever present and deeply concerned in the affairs of man, but He won’t step in and stop us from being wicked anymore than He we would ever force us to love Him. We know that God has the power to preserve the righteous and the power to destroy the wicked, the time is coming when the Lord will put all evil beneath him and cast it into the lake of fire, He has promised to come back and deliver His children from the wrath of the wicked, but He is waiting, delaying his return, for time is mercy that the lawless might come unto repentance.

Intelligent Design vs Evolution: The Origins of Life


How did life originate? did we appear from simple non-living chemicals? or was life designed? Those who argue from the corner of chemical evolution generally appeal to neo-darwinian evolution in attesting to an unguided process; that natural selection sifts through random mutations and identifies the most sufficient forms and system’s for life’s continuation. While those arguing from Intelligent Design (ID) argue that living systems can best be explained by the activity of a designing intelligence not an undirected natural process such as natural selection acting on random variations.

Richard Dawkins one of the leading spokesman for neo-darwinism says that

“Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed with a purpose.”

The keyword here is “appearance”, is this idea of appearance illusory or is it real? While Dawkins and other evolutionist certainly acknowledges that life looks intelligently designed, is it possible that intelligence is in inference to the best explanation? I believe it is for several reasons which I would like to briefly explain – and no I will not be calling my faith up to the stand.

Firstly I would like to touch on the idea of specified complexity or digital information. In order to create new anatomical novelties you need new genetic code, thus generating a new biological form requires lots of new information or specified arrangements; much like you need new information to give your computer a new function. Thus a critical question in the history of life, both to the point of the origin of the first life and explaining the rise of the new forms, is where did all the information come from?

This is what ex-chemical evolutionary theorist Dean Kenyon described as a huge intellectual road block which ultimately led to his conversion to ID. He says that amino acids can’t organize themselves in a meaningful biological sequence without a pre-existing set of genetic instructions. Kenyon explains that the enormous problem that is neglected is the origins of genetic information itself. Wen you begin to think in light of information, it raises some serious questions about the power of mutations. Could an unguided process of random mutations possibly be responsible for life as we know it?

Genes are sections of genetic code, if you take a section of genetic code, a section of alphabetic text, and you begin to randomly change it blindly, are you more likely to degrade the meaning of the function that’s there or enhance it? How rare or common are the functional sequences of genes in relation to all the possible ways of arranging the base characters (genetic message) in the proteins? If it were fairly common then you could skip from one island of functionality to the next. However, the ratio of number of sequences that perform functions that are meaningful to those that don’t is about 1 to one-trillionth. I know crazy right? But it doesn’t stop there because in order to get a new organism you would need hundreds if not thousands of mutations to occur, the odds are simply astronomical for even one successful transition.

Another signature in the body that leads me to believe in ID is the discovery of nano-technology, which has revealed very tiny complex biological machinery such as the bacteria flagella motor with its rotary engine, drive shafts, and whip-like propeller. Such systems have been defined as irreducibly complex as you can see below


Michael Behe an American biochemist asserts that random genetic mutations and natural selection can not account for such complexity. We know from experience that when we find irreducibly complex systems such as internal combustion engines invariably intelligence played a roll. Thus using the idea of mutations and natural selection to explain new digital information and irreducibly complex systems would be an exotic explanation not based on the knowledge of cause and effect that we see today.

Thus the conclusion reached is that specified digital information encoded in DNA could not have arisen by any known natural cause. Ultimately intelligent design is not made from an argument of ignorance but is in inference to the best explanation. The structure of the argument is that there are no known naturalistic processes that have been demonstrated to produce the digital code necessary to produce the first life, whether through chance or law. Yet we do know of one cause sufficient to produce specified digital information and that cause is intelligence.

The Golden Chain of Redemption – Broken!

In one of my recent post about mans ability to freely reject or receive salvation, titled Predestination & the Doctrine of Election – Part 2 (Salvation), I was asked the following by one,  Nicholas Provan:

“Interesting, so how would you reconcile that view with the Golden Chain of redemption (as explained by most Calvinists)?”

For those who are unfamiliar with this term, it is referring to the Calvinist assertion of Romans 8:29-30 as the basis for God exclusively foreknowing, predestining, calling, justifying and glorifying someone before the beginning of time.

For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

I must admit, when I first read this scripture I got quite the headache trying to reconcile it with my existing beliefs; being someone that firmly believes everyone has been created with the free-will to receive the knowledge of God on the grounds that He has first revealed himself to us through his creation and his son Jesus. For days I chewed and chewed, reading over and over hoping something would click and I would finally be able to make some sense of it all. Fearing that perhaps I had been wrong all along; that maybe the only reason why I believed in God and others didn’t, was simply because He chose me over them.

So I suppose I owe an explanation of how I got here today – without reforming my faith that is. Over the years I have learned some valuable lessons when it comes to reading scripture. While many of us would like to treat the Bible as a piece of 21st century American literature, I have come to the reality that we can not approach the Bible as a superficial reading. Because the scripture is both foreign and ancient in relation to the English dialect, we must apply ourselves in a scholarly manner.

The quickest way to misinterpret a scripture is by isolating it. When seeking to understand the meaning of a passage it is necessary that we understand the context of the scripture; the surrounding body of text is often just as important to understanding a passage as the actual passage itself. That being said, I will begin my approach to Vv. 29-30 by first appealing to the preceding v.28; which I believe will ultimately offer immense insight into to understanding the rest of the chapter.

v.28 “And we know that God causes everything to work together for the good to them that love him, to those who are called according to his purpose”

I would like to start off by addressing the second sentence in this passage, in the original Greek text it is translated word-for-word as such:

to those – according to – his purpose – being called – existing”

What initially stood out to me was the word – existing (eimi), which simply translates – “I am” or “to be” often used in the present tense to describes someones mood. This word eimi seems to be missing from most of the translations. When adding it into the mix of things we see the interpretation is slightly tweeked to read something like:

And we know that God causes everything to work together for the good to them that love him, to those who are existing in the call which he has purposed.”

While the the language in Vv. 29-30 are often interpreted as very exclusive. we notice that the language in V. 28 is rather inclusive – implying more of a free-will. This should be a red flag, indicating something has been misinterpreted in the translation.

Now that we have some context for Vv. 29-30, I would like to introduce another valuable lesson that I have learned over the years: That is the need to define a word in its original language, because English is not the original text of the NT, we must be careful not to assume that the interpretations in our Bibles are always going to retain the original meanings of a specific word. Often times there will be several distinctly different English word used interchangeably for just one Greek word.

If your going to be doing a study, one of the best ways for defining a words true meaning is by seeing the the context that a word is used in throughout multiple scriptures. Once we begin to apply this technique we begin to manifest the original definition.

Thus let us examine the word foreknow, which in Greek is proginisko – “to know before”. Proginosko is used a total of four other times throughout the NT; no where in the scripture is this word ever used to describe a relation between someone or something that doesn’t yet exist; rather it is used to describe a literal relation to something that is already in existence. In a sentence it would go something like this; “Did you ever meet Bob? Yeah I foreknew Bob since college” no where in the Bible is it ever used to say something like “Did you ever meet Bob? Yeah I foreknew him 10 years before he was even born.”

Acts 26:5

They have known me for a long time and can testify, if they are willing, that I conformed to the strictest sect of our religion, living as a pharisee.” we see here prognisko is being used to describe the Jews knowing Paul as a Pharisees who persecuted Christians, implying familiarity through a literal relation.

1 Peter 1:19-20

“..A lamb without blemish or defect. God foreknew him long before the creation of the world, but was revealed in the last time for your sakes” God knew Jesus long before the creation of the world, we see again the application of familiarity through actual relationship; the scripture is not saying God knew Jesus before He created him, its saying He had a relationship with Jesus before the world was created, yet He didn’t reveal him unto us until later when he appeared as the Messiah.

2 Peter 3: 15-17

“And remember our Lords patience gives people time to be saved. This is what our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you with the wisdom God gave him – speaking these things in all of his letters. Some of his commandments are hard to understand, and those who are ignorant and unstable have twisted his letters to mean something quite different. Just as they do with other scripture and this will rest unto their destruction. Therefore beloved, foreknowing this, be aware; that you will not be carried away by the error of the lawless, that you should fall from your steadfastness .” Paul is saying, now that I have told you these things you are aware of them; thus he has manifest the truth to them that they might become aware of it and guard themselves when the time comes. We see foreknown happens after you are acquainted with something or someone, not before.

Romans 11:12

“God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew Just as the word was used in Acts to describe the Jews having foreknew Paul as a Pharisee. Its a literal relation to someone.

In light of all this  I interpret proginosko in V. 29 as referring to those whom God is acquainted with through relationship, with the emphasis on being known by God. Galatians 4:9 “but now, after that you have known God, or rather are known of God” both concepts are ultimately one in the same, but the emphasis is on God being acquainted with us, in this way we are foreknown by him.

One will thus ask the question – how then do we enter into this relationship with God?

1 Corinthians 8:13 “But if any man love God, the same in known of of him”

Thus we see “to love God” is interchangeable with “to be known by God” ergo we become foreknown through loving God. We are now beginning to see a seamless harmony between V. 28 and V. 29. Ultimately God knows and enters a relationship with those who choose to love him (obey his commands). Yet how could V.29 be referring to people entering a relationship with God when it is spoke in the past tense? – you might ask.

“For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son.. “

Isn’t God simply referring to a an act which has taken place in the past? If we turn to V.30 we notice something rather interesting “and whom he justified, them he also glorified” We see that this can’t be referring to something that has already taken place because the scripture tells us that we won’t actually be glorified until the resurrection! Then why is Paul speaking as though it has already happened?

To understand this conundrum we briefly turn our focus to the grammar of Ancient Greek: The tense of the word foreknow is aorist as opposed to the perfect or past tense (this is true of all the verbs used in Vv. 29-30), thus the verbs aren’t used to describe a past event that has already been concluded, rather it’s describing an ‘action without indicating it’s completion,’ meaning it’s dependent upon those who  choose to enter into the relationship with Him. Paul is simply elaborating on V.28  by explaining the process in which all things will work to the good of those who love Him. We also know this because in the Greek text the two verses are joined by the conjunction “because”, indicating that V.29 is elaborating on V.28. Essentially, to paraphrase what Paul is saying is:

For all things work to the good of those who love God, to those who are existing in the call which He has purposed. This is true because, those who love God (aka those known by God aka proginosko) are predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son that he might be the first born among many brethren.” Paul further explains the process of how God has a plan for those who love him “for whom i did predestinate,  them have I called through the Gospel: and whom I called, them I also justified through the Cross: and whom I justified, them I will also glorify on the day of my coming.”

In the proceeding V.33 we come across another interesting indication that Paul is not referring to individuals that have been saved according to the sovereign choice of God, but rather that he is speaking of all who willingly choose to follow and love him.

“Who shall bring a charge against God’s elect?”

In my aforementioned post I described how the word elect is used interchangeably for two different Greek words; there is eklektos and ekloge. Ekloge is used to describe those that are specifically selected out by the grace of God for a divine purpose (such as is described of Paul and Abraham). Eklektos is used to describe those who become God’s choice by freely receiving his general call which is extended to all (Matthew 22:14). The elect which Paul is mentioning in V.33 is eklektos, as opposed to the ekloge that is being used in the proceeding chapter which describes Israel’s election (Romans 9:11).

The scriptures are infallible even when it comes down to the slightest details. Thus If we apply ourselves with a open heart and honest desire to know the word of God, and in all sincerity seek the truth above all else, the revelation and knowledge of God will sing forth in harmony.

God Bless

God & Creationism – Quick Fact #1


Fact: The oxygen produced during photosynthesis is used for cellular respiration. The carbon dioxide produced in cellular respiration is used in photosynthesis.

So if plants need the waste product of living organism to exist, and living organisms need the waste product of plants to exist, then they both had to be created at nearly the exact same time.. right?

Predestination & the Doctrine of Election – Part 2 (Salvation)


It should be understood that God is the one who initiates salvation; for apart from God initiating salvation we are all like sheep gone astray. This is not to say that man does not exercise his free-will in choosing to reject or receive salvation, but only that it is God’s arm throughout history which continually stretches forth unto us; and thus salvation is ultimately born out of God’s will and not from the desire of man.  In John 1:12-13 we are to understand this relationship between God’s will and man’s free choice.

“But as many as received him, to them he gave the power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God”

While we know that God extends his call to everybody, It should also be understood that he sovereignly elects people for his divine purpose; such as the apostle Paul and the nation of Israel. This doesn’t mean that God forces them into submission (as the history of Israel clearly illustrates), but rather he persuades them of his prevailing majesty by various different ways and methoods e.g. divine revelation or supernatural encounter; thus “to everyone who has been given much, much will be required.”

How then are we to reconcile the idea of God’s elect with the call of salvation extending unto all men? In order to understand this we first need to understand more about the elects purpose, for this we turn to John 1:6

“There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might be saved.”

We see that God does not elect people in order that they might simply enjoy salvation from a private booth; rather, they are vessels of mercy that bear witness to the glory of God. The elect are beacons of light through which God initiates salvation unto the world. We see how even Jonah in his day was sent to the Assyrian capital Nineveh to preach repentance among’st the gentiles. God’s election is ultimately reserved for more than that of a remnant, the elect of God are to bear the image of Christ and offer themselves as living sacrifices for the sake of the Gospel.

Now we know that God initially elected Israel as his chosen people, and yet through them rested the abundance of the world:

Romans 11:12

“Now if their fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the gentiles, how much more their fulness!”

Was it not also said unto Abraham?

“And in thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed

In the scripture the word elect is used interchangeably for two different Greek words: Ekloge and Eklektos. Up until now we have only been dealing with Ekloge. Ekloge occurs a total of 9 times in the NT, and is used to describe those that are specifically selected out by the grace of God for a divine purpose, those “whom he set apart while they were still in the womb” if you would. Ekloge is used primarily throughout Romans describing the election of Israel and is also used in Acts to describe Paul as a chosen vessel “for a vessel of Ekloge(choice) is this man to me.”

The word Eklektos occurs 23 times throughout the NT and can be used to describe those who become God’s choice by freely receiving his general call which is extended to all. For example, in the parable of the wedding feast Jesus says

“so go to the street corner and invite to the banquet anyone that you can find.. for many care called, but few however are Eklektos(chosen)”

this refers to man’s ability to partake in the election of God by freely responding to the gospel, which is the power of salvation to all that believe.

Both Ekloge and Eklektos represent the body of Christ, as such we are to be extensions of the Lord himself, we are his mouth piece, his instruments for publishing salvation unto all the world. God so closely identifies himself to his followers that we are in essence ambassadors for the Kingdom of Heaven, we are emissaries for the King himself that whoever will believe our message shall be saved.

Luke 10:16

“Whoever listens to you listens to me; whoever rejects you rejects me; but whoever rejects me rejects him who sent me.”

God has never excluded any from salvation; we must never think in this way, for God shows no partiality to men, but He is gracious unto all. Rather it is man that takes side against God; in doing so God allows the wickedness of man to be carried out, giving them over to depravity. Even so He is constantly stretching forth His hand in mercy, sending His Son that all might be saved.

2 Peter 3:9

“The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.”


Predestination & the Doctrine of Election – Part 1 (Introduction)


The doctrine of election is a central debate among’st many theologians and scholars today. Those who advocate the doctrine of election generally state that God dictates everything that happens through the sovereignty of his own will. That having foreseen the wickedness of his creation before the beginning of the world, He arbitrarily selected out those who would and wouldn’t obtain salvation. It’s the idea that God has predetermined everything that is going to happen, and nothing happens which He has not sovereignly ordained.

 The doctrine of election is commonly used to answer the philosophical question, why do some choose to believe in God while others don’t? Though the doctrine is inconsistent with many scriptures throughout the bible, one of the most common and compelling passages used in support of it is Acts 13: 48

 “And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.”

I presume that ones initial interpretation of this reading (as mine was) is that salvation is ultimately a God given desire. However, when examining this scripture a little further, particularly in its original Greek text, we begin unraveling what could be Paul’s intended meaning. If we read the end of v.48 in its word-for-word Greek translation, it goes like this:

 “and – believed – as many as – were – appointed – to – life – eternal.

There’s two key words when studying this passage, first is the word believed; interpreted from the Greek word episteusan, which is derived from pisteuo – “to have faith in“. Secondly is the word appointed, which comes from the Greek tasso, it’s a military expression literally translated – “to assign” or even “to commission“. Notice the word for appointed here is not the word we find for predestined or foreordained, which is proorizo. Thus one could reasonably interpret this scripture to read something like:

“and as many as believed (had faith) were assigned to eternal life.”

 This translation parallels with the language of scripture throughout the bible:

John 3: 16

“For God so loved the world that whoever believes(has faith) in him, shall not perish but have life eternal”

Mark 16: 16

“Whoever believes(whoever has faith) and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe (have faith) will be condemned.”

The bible makes it quite clear, faith comes by hearing the word of God; and God gives man free-will in choosing whether to obey or disobey the word of the Lord. We further understand this truth in Jeremiah 18: 7-10

 “if that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them. And at what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to build and to plant it; if it do evil in my sight, that it obey not my voice, then I will repent of the good, wherewith I said I would benefit them.”

This passage clearly illustrates the harmony between Gods sovereignty and mans free will. While its a common assumption that God foreknew every decision that man was ever going to make, this is not what the bible teaches us. God is sovereign over the affairs of man, He has not predetermined them, meaning He can do what He wants when He wants to do it, He could shine his glory down and reveal his power and make all the heathens call out to him in fear and trembling, but this is not what God desires, for he establishes the righteous through faith, as it says “the just shall live by faith”.

Ultimately God is orchestrating a divine work in the world, but this is not to say that He predetermines our choices. Rather He continually yields to will of man just as the prophet Jeremiah describes. In Genesis 6: 5-6 we understand that God neither predetermined nor foresaw the wickedness of his creation.

 “And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And it repented the Lord that he made man on earth, and it grieved him at his heart.”

The Lord mourned and repented that He ever made man on the earth! This hardly depicts the creator who preordained everything that was ever going to happen, but rather reveals Gods unique vulnerability to the choices of his creation.

Those who advocate the doctrine of election will often argue that while Gods predetermination and man’s free-will are impossible to reconcile in the human mind, we simply need to receive it by faith. While I acknowledge there are qualities of God which our earthly minds can’t comprehend, I feel that in this case this argument is conveniently being used to bridge the gap between false doctrine and what the scripture actually teaches.